The Alfred H. Mayer Company (D) refused to sell Jones (P) a house in one of its residential developments. The sole reason was that P was black. P sued, seeking injunctive and other relief, alleging that the sole reason D refused to sell was because P was black. The District Court granted D's motion to dismiss, and the Court of Appeals affirmed; Section 1982 only applies to state action and does not reach private refusals to sell. P appeals.