Somerville (D) was indicted for theft and a tried. Before any evidence had been presented, the prosecuting attorney realized that the indictment was fatally deficient under Illinois law because it did not allege that D intended to permanently deprive the owner of his property. Such a defect could not be cured by amendment. The Government's motion for a mistrial was granted. A second indictment was then handed down, and D claimed double jeopardy. That was denied, and D was convicted and appealed. The conviction was upheld, and D applied for habeas corpus. The case eventually made its way to the Supreme Court on denial by the Seventh Circuit and remand for reconsideration in light of United States v. Jorn. On remand, the Seventh Circuit held that double jeopardy applied. The Supreme Court granted certiorari.