Members of the FCC participate in worldwide conferences with their counterparts throughout the world; these conferences were referred to as the Consultative Process. The government in the Sunshine Act mandated that federal agencies hold their meetings in public. Ps contend that the Sunshine Act requires that these foreign Consultative Process meetings must be held in public. The FCC denied P's rulemaking petition and P filed suit in the Court of Appeals. The Court of Appeals held that the Sunshine Act applied to the Consultative Process meetings. The Supreme Court granted certiorari.